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Questions & Answers on EU Policies on Electric and Electronic Waste

1) What is the problem with electrical and electronic waste?

Electrical and electronic waste is waste from a huge spectrum of products. They include small and large household appliances, IT and telecommunications equipment, lighting equipment, and consumer goods such as radios, TV sets, video cameras and hi-fi systems. This equipment is made up of many different materials and components, some of which are hazardous. This is why electrical and electronic waste can cause major environmental problems during the waste management phase, in particular landfilling and incineration, if it is not properly treated.
In fact, each electrical and electronic piece of equipment consists of a combination of several basic building blocks, such as circuit boards/assemblies, cables, cords and wires, plastics containing flame retardants, mercury switches, display equipment such as cathode ray tubes and crystal liquid displays, accumulators and batteries, light generating devices, capacitors, etc.
Environmentally problematic substances in these components include certain heavy metals (mercury, lead, cadmium and chromium) and halogenated substances (CFCs, PCBs, PVCs and brominated flame retardants). Many of these substances can be toxic and may pose risks to human health when released. For instance, lead can damage the nervous system and can adversely affect the cardiovascular system and the kidneys. Cadmium also affects the functioning of kidneys and can cause brain damage.
Up to now more than 90% of electrical and electronic waste is landfilled, incinerated or recovered without any pre-treatment, which means that the pollutants could be released into the environment and contaminate air, water and soil.
Key data on electrical and electronic waste (WEEE) from 1998 showed a generation of 14 kg per inhabitant and year - in total, around 6 million tonnes per year (4% of the municipal waste stream). WEEE was estimated to be growing at 3-5% per year, which makes it the fastest growing waste stream, growing three times faster than the average waste stream. Today, citizens are likely to generate between 17 and 20 kg per head and year.

2) What is the EU doing about electrical and electronic waste?

The EU has adopted two Directives that tackle the problems posed by electrical and electronic waste.
The Directive on waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE Directive)[1] aims to prevent the generation of electrical and electronic waste and to promote reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery in order to reduce the quantity of such waste to be eliminated through landfilling or incineration. It therefore requires the collection of WEEE, recovery and reuse/recycling. Where appropriate, priority should be given to reuse of the whole appliance .
The Directive on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment (RoHS Directive)[2] seeks to substitute lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) in electrical and electronic equipment, where alternatives are available, in order to facilitate sound recovery and prevent problems during the waste management phase. (There is other EU legislation dealing with CFCs, PCBs and PVCs.)

3) What are the key provisions and deadlines under the WEEE Directive?

The Directives entered into force on 13 February 2003, and Member States had to transpose them into national legislation within one and a half years - by 13 August 2004.
2005: Member States have to establish and maintain registers of producers and, every two years, provide the Commission with information on the quantities of products put on the market, collected, recovered, reused and recycled. Every three years, Member States will have to send a report on the implementation of the Directive.
13 August 2005: By this date, Member States shall ensure that collection systems are set up and producers of electrical and electronic equipment shall provide for the financing of the collection, treatment, recovery and environmentally sound disposal. Collection means that consumers will be able to hand in their old electrical and electronic equipment on a 1:1 basis when they purchase a new product. In addition, there will be other collection points where anybody in possession of WEEE and distributors will be able to return it free of charge. The establishment of such collection points must take into account accessibility and population density.
All products put on the market after 13 August 2005 will have to be marked with a crossed-out rubbish bin, so consumers will know that they cannot simply throw away these products.
The financing systems will ensure the financing of collection, treatment, recovery and elimination of WEEE. When producers put a new product on the market after 13 August 2005, they will have to provide a financial guarantee (e.g. an insurance, money in a blocked account, or participation in a collective scheme), which will cover these costs. This should prevent that nobody takes care of "orphan products", that is old electrical and electronic products whose producers no longer exist.
With regard to dealing with "historical WEEE", that is products put on the market before 13 August 2005, producers will have to join a collective system. Collective financing can take the form of a flat-rate levy or a fee on new equipment.
31 December 2006: By this date, Member States shall ensure a rate of separate collection of 4 kg per inhabitant and year. Producers shall meet various recovery and recycling/reuse targets for WEEE sent for treatment, calculated based on the average weight of the appliances in question. Priority is to be given to repairing the equipment so that it can be reused. Where this is not possible, the WEEE Directive sets targets for the reuse of components, and for the recycling and recovery of the materials it contains.
For example, the recovery rate in the case of large domestic appliances, such as refrigerators and microwaves, is a minimum of 80%, and the rate of reusing/recycling their components, materials and substances is 75%. The recovery rate for small domestic appliances, lighting equipment, electrical and electronic tools, toys, leisure and sports equipment and monitoring and control instruments is 70%, and the reuse/recycling rate of their components, materials and substances is 50%. Different recovery and reuse/recycling targets are fixed per category.
New Member States: The ten Member States that joined the EU on 1 May 2004 have been granted a 24-month deadline extension (Slovenia: 12 months) for the collection target of 4 kg/inhabitant and year, as well as for the recovery and reuse/recycling targets.

4) What are the key provisions and deadlines under the RoHS Directive?

1 July 2006: By this date, producers will no longer be allowed to put on the market electrical and electronic equipment that contains the hazardous substances lead, mercury, cadmium, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE).
The Annex to the Directive contains a list of exemptions from the substance ban for which alternatives are not available. The Directive also allows for amendments to the Annex to adapt the list of exemptions to scientific and technical progress - if the elimination of the hazardous substances is technically or scientifically impracticable or if the negative environmental, health and consumer safety impacts caused by the substitution outweigh the environmental, health or consumers safety benefits.

5) What are the roles of the different actors - Member States, consumers, European Commission?

Member States: The role of the Member States is to transpose the provisions of the WEEE and RoHS Directives into national legislation (see 7). Furthermore, they must ensure that producers meet all their obligations (see 3 and 4).
Consumers: Consumers should no longer simply throw away old electrical and electronic equipment. From 13 August 2005, they should be able to return it on a 1:1 basis to shops when purchasing a new product, as well as to other collection points, both free of charge. From the same date on, new electrical and electronic products must carry a sign showing a crossed-out rubbish bin to inform consumers that they cannot be disposed of as unsorted waste. (See 3) By separately collecting WEEE and bringing it to collection points, citizens will contribute to sound reuse, recycling and other forms of recovery.
Commission: The Commission is supporting the implementation of the two Directives. It is providing guidance to the Member States on interpretation issues related to the Directives. For this purpose, a guidance document in the form of "Frequently Asked Questions" has been produced. It is published on the website of DG Environment:
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee_index.htm
In 2003, the Commission adopted an amendment to the WEEE Directive clarifying financing obligations for WEEE from users other than private households.[3] In 2004, it adopted a Decision on the reporting questionnaire that Member States must answer to inform the Commission of progress in implementing the WEEE Directive.[4] In 2005 it adopted a Decision on dataformats.
Currently, the Commission is in the process of adopting additional Decisions to amend the RoHS Directive by allowing for further exemptions to the substance ban and by setting maximum concentration values for the hazardous substances dealt with under the RoHS Directive.

6) How much will implementation of the two Directives cost and will it harm the industry's competitiveness? Will prices of electric and electronic equipment rise as a result?

The provisions of the two Directives apply without discrimination to EU and non-EU producers. Similarly, the costs of substitutes for hazardous substances dealt with by the RoHS Directive will be borne by EU and non-EU producers alike. Competition is thus not harmed.
The overall cost for compliance with the WEEE Directive is estimated at € 500-900 million per year EU-wide. Of those cost, € 300-600 million will be spent on collection and € 200-300 million on recovery, reuse and recycling.
The resulting price increase is estimated to range from 1% for most of the electrical and electronic equipment to 2-3% for refrigerators, TV sets and monitors. The costs and price increases seem justified given the benefits that the two Directives will bring.
Their primary objective is to protect human health and the environment. But recycling of WEEE will also result in energy savings roughly the equivalent of 2.8 million tonnes of oil equivalent per year. As a consequence, the negative environmental impacts associated with resource use will decline. Furthermore, the two Directives will result in saved production costs for virgin materials and saved disposal costs.

7) Where are we with the transposition of the two Directives in the Member States?

The WEEE and RoHS Directives entered into force on 13 February 2003, and the deadline for Member States to transpose them into national legislation was 13 August 2004.
To date, all Member States except France, Malta, Poland and UK have communicated to the Commission the measures they have taken to transpose the WEEE Directive.
With regard to the RoHS Directive all Member States except France and UK have done so.
The Commission is currently assessing whether the notified measures are correctly transpose the obligations of the directives. It is at the discretion of the Commission to initiate infringement procedures against those Member States that have incorrectly transposed the directives. In July 2005, the Commission initiated infringement procedures against eight Member States that had not yet transposed the directives).

Further Information on WEEE and RoHS can be found at:

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/weee_index.htm

For details on systems put in place in Member States, please consult for instance:

The Belgian take-back system:
http://www.recupel.be in practice since 1 July 2001
The Dutch take-back systems:
http://www.nvmp.nl in practice since 1 January 1999
The Swedish take-back system:
http://www.el-kretsen.se/Index-e.htm in practice since 1 July 2001

 

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Standard Spec vs. Custom Spec PCB's: What's the Difference?

Whether you have a need for a double sided or a multi layer PCB, Advanced Circuits is your one stop printed circuit board provider. Deciding whether you need to order your printed circuit board as a Standard Spec or as a Custom Spec board is simply a matter of looking at the specs. Standard Spec boards (PCBs) are inspected to IPC Class 2 Standards and Custom Spec Boards are inspected to either IPC Class 2 or Class 3 depending on what option is chosen.

Quantity doesn't matter. We will make as few as one PCB as either a Standard Spec or Custom Spec order. No order is too small for us!
Quality is the same. All Standard Spec and Custom orders go through the same rigorous fabrication and quality check process.
Turnaround time is the same. We can produce your Custom Spec order, including mult layer PCBs just as quickly as our Standard Specs orders even creating them in one day if needed.

Standard Specs for Printed Circuit Boards include:

     
  • All holes plated through (PTH) for all hole sizes in the drill program
  •  
  • Non-plated slots and cutouts (plated available on Custom Spec orders)
  •  
  • Green soldermask
  •  
  • FR4 (regular)
  •  
  • White legend (silkscreen)
  •  
  • 1 oz. Cu. Inner layers/Up to 2 oz. Cu. Wt. on outer layers
  •  
  • Overall thickness .031" .062", .093", or .125"
  •  
  • Trace/Space to 5/5 mils
  •  
  • Gold fingers
  •  
  • Lead-Free HAL Solder plating finish
  •  
  • Rout Tolerance +/- 0.010"
  •  
  • Hole Tolerance +/- 0.005"
  •  
  • Minimum Hole Size .010"
  •  
  • Fiducials and/or Tooling Holes

Custom Specs for PCB's include:

  • Plated or Non-plated holes (if no specifications provided holes will be plated)
  • Non-plated or plated slots/edges and cutout's
  • Various laminates including high temp (tg) FR4, Rogers, Polimide, and Aluminum Clad
  • Full range of finished board thicknesses
  • Different soldermask colors (default green)
  • Different silkscreen (legend) colors (default white)
  • Trace/Space down to 4/4 mils
  • UL Markings (Also 94V-O upon request)
  • Lead-Free logo markings on boards (upon request)
  • Controlled Dielectric and/or Controlled Impedance
  • Inner layer Cu. Wt. ½ oz. – 3 oz.
  • Countersinks/Counterbores
  • Fiducials and/or Tooling Holes (no additional charge if requested)
  • Hole Tolerance +/- 0.003" (if requested)
  • Rout Tolerance +/- 0.010" (+/- .005" upon request)
  • Electrolytic Hard Gold plating finish (total board or gold fingers only) and other plating finishes to include  ENIG,  Soft  Bondable Gold, Nickel, Immersion Silver, and OSP. Also HAL available in both leaded and lead-free solder finishes.

NOTE:

1. We never charge Tooling NRE on Standard Spec orders. In addition, when you re-order your Standard Spec with no changes and go to Custom Spec we waive the tooling charge again.
2. You pay Electrical Test charges only once. If you pay as a Standard Spec you don't pay again… even for a fixture when going to Custom Spec.
3. A complete listing of CAPABILITIES is available on our website at www.etagco.com.

Standard Spec Custom Spec… We Make It An Easy & Low Cost Choice at Advanced Circuits.

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Sample Bill of Materials (BOM)

Qty

Part Reference

Part Number

MFGR

Distributor NO

DESCRIPTION

FOOTPRINT

DNI

1

C62

C3216Y5V1E106Z

TDK

445-3469-1-ND

CAP CER 10UF 25V Y5V 1206

1206

 

6

D2

APT2012SRCPRV

KingBright Corp

754-1132-1-ND

LED 2X1.2MM 640NM RD WTR CLR SMD

805

 

1

D5

APT2012CGCK

KingBright Corp

754-1127-1-ND

LED 2X1.2MM 570NM GN WTR CLR SMD

805

 

1

F1

0451008.MRL

Littelfuse

F2590TR-ND

FUSE 8A 125V FAST NANO2 SMD

SMD

 

8

R8 R9 R13 R14 R15 R16 R17 R26

ERJ-3EKF1000V

Panasonic

P100HCT-ND

RES 100 OHM 1/10W 1% 0603 SMD

603

 

1

U2

C8051F351R

Silabs

336-1085-1-ND

IC 8051 MCU 8K FLASH 28MLP

QFN28

 

3

U3

TLV2370IDBVR

TI

296-12617-1-ND

IC R-R SNGL-SUPP OPAMP SOT-23-6

SOT-23-6

DNI

1

U4

AD628

Analog Devices

AD628ARZ-ND

IC DIFF AMP HI-CMV PROG 8-SOIC

8-SOIC

 

2

CON1,CON2

51374-2073-P

Molex

WM1652-ND

CONN FPC/FFC 20POS .5MM VERT SMD

SMD 20 pins

 

1

CON3

5-104068-4

Tyco

A32570-ND

CONN HEADER VERT .050 40POS 30AU

PTH 40pins

 

1

U5

EP2C35F672C6N

Altera

544-1694-ND

IC CYCLONE II FPGA 33K 672-FBGA

672-FBGA

 

1. All the information needs in a Bill of Materials to complete an order is in columns A,B,C,G.
2. Highlight in RED any Do Not install parts ("DNI") , and they will be excluded from the build. Parts not listed on the BOM are considered DNI.

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Can you supply prototype sample boards free of charge?

Yes, we can provide prototype sample boards (1-2 PCs) free of charge if you order more than 300 pieces. You only pay for the shipping fee for the sample. We will make production boards after your approval.

If the design is changed after the prototype sample, we will have to charge at the prototype cost.

Do you charge extra for tooling, photo and E-test, etc. ?

We do not charge tooling and photo fee for prototype boards. There is a fee for setting up for production boards. This charge will be credited back to you when the accumulated orders are over a certain amount. We do not charge test fee for production order.  We can also provide electric contact test for prototype boards with Flying Probe system at low cost.

If I order initial small quantity first and order large quantity later on, do I still pay setup fee?

Setup fee and test setup fee are one-time charge. These are only applicable to new orders and will be waived when you repeat the order.

What kinds of file formats do you accept?

We can process Gerber RS-274X, 274D, Eagle and AutoCAD's DXF, DWG formats.

What type of Bill of Material (BOM) file do you accept?

We prefer MS Excel format, but other formats are also acceptable. Please see a sample BOM file here: Sample-Bill-of-Materials-BOM.

an you do routing for me?

We route any quantity of PCB which has more than 2 layers, including double layers.

What is your standard drilling size?

We can drill any of the size for prototype and production boards start from 0.1mm, 0.05mm,  0.3mm, 0.35mm, 0.4mm, 0.45mm. Normal drilling size starts from 0.35mm.

Do you keep solder mask web on all the time?

Solder mask web is the small lines of solder mask placed between surface mount pads to reduce solder bridging during assembly. Solder mask webs have a minimum width that can be reliably exposed and still bond to the board. In our assembly process, this minimum width is 0.2mm. Solder mask web thinner than 0.2mm may be removed during assembly. If you really need to keep the solder mask, please contact us.

How do I order?

Step1. Send us your PCB information via quote form.
Step2. You will receive your quote within 24 hours. If you are happy with our offer, you may send us your Gerber files and read me by zip file via E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Step3. We will check your files and send you an E-mail for confirmation. If we have questions about your information, we will also send you an E-mail to check with you.
Step4. You will send purchase order to us via fax at( 98)21-89383

How large is your facility?

In 2003, Advanced Circuits moved into a new manufacturing facility totaling 62,000 square meter.

What happens if I have a problem?

We are committed to your satisfaction and we ask that you contact your salesperson immediately if you have a problem of any kind. If you ever feel that you've received a product or service that was below your expectation, please feel free to email directly Advanced Circuits' CEO John Yacoub. Also, we would like to hear any suggestions you may have for improvements.

What are your hours for doing business?

Our Office Hours are 8:00 AM-5:30 PM MT. Salespeople are available from 8:30 AM-7:00 PM MT. However we have Technical Support Engineers and our online services are available 24 Hours a Day.

Our business and sales offices are closed on weekends and on all major IRAN. holidays, but our manufacturing facility operates 24 hours a day. Through our website, Advanced Circuits' customers can get quotes, place and track orders, and have their designs checked 24 hours a day, seven days a week at www.FreeDFM.com.

What does CNC Rout points mean?

Each corner or ""turn"" on your pcb is a rout point . Each radius is three points.

What is tab route?

A tab route is used to create arrays. The customer can place more than one board (same or different design) up in a given area in an array. This is typically for the convenience of the customer or for assembly requirements. The PCB's are then separated by breaking or cutting the tabs. Tabs are usually 0.100"" in width and are placed with at least 1 on each side of the boards.

What does ""scoring"" mean?

This is a ""v"" groove cut into the top and bottom surface of an array of multiple PCB's or between a board and rails to be removed after assembly. The cut is usually 1/3 top, 1/3 bottom, leaving 1/3 uncut in the middle. This process is used when removing the tabs of a tab route is not a viable option, this does result in a less smooth finished board edge. The boards are typically set up side by side and end to end with the edges adjacent to each other. After assembly the boards are broken or snapped apart.

Can you handle Controlled Impedance requirements?

Yes. Call your salesperson for more info.

Can you process my dielectric requirements?

No problem. We will run this as a Production order. Be sure to send us your core and stackup details.

What is the difference between a prototype pcb (Standard Spec) and production pcb ?

The difference between proto & production is not a quantity or turntime issue, but rather has to do with the range of specs covered. Click here for a complete list of these specifications.

What is Test NRE?

The Test NRE is a one-time  for electrical test. This charge is optional but when paid, all circuit boards will be tested each and every time that part number and revision is ordered without additional charge.

Are your proto's built differently than production?

No. Our prototypes (Standard Spec) use the same premier production (Custom Spec) processes as our production (Custom Spec) circuit boards.

Are you UL ""Underwriters Laboratory"" approved?

Yes, you can use the following web link to access our UL registration. Underwriters Laboratory

Are you MIL SPEC 55110 approved?

NO. However, you can refers Prototype (Standard Spec) with us because we use the same materials, specifications, and processes.

To what acceptability standards do you build?

IPC-A-6011/6012 latest revision with inspection based on IPC-A-600 latest revision: Class 2 Prototypes (Standard Spec) and Class 2 Production (Custom Spec).

What CAM software do you use?

We use Gerbtool to edit and view.

Can you build RF applications?

Yes. We stock several RF materials such as Rogers 4000, Teflon, Duroid, and Polymide. All of the pricing is subject to change at any time without notice. We reserve the right to refuse any order at any time.

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